And what could be the solution?
In my view it is difficult to give a concrete solution, because there are too many factors that play a part in the current situation. There are governments that want to ensure that certain information gets through to people in their own country. There are governments that try to ensure that only certain information reaches neighbouring countries. Then there are actors that don’t belong to any government like the big internet players like Facebook or Google, who perhaps have an agenda around (paying) taxes.
I think we should also not forget the business interests that drive the media. Or the influence of oligarchs that own the media. They also want to avoid certain themes. And we have the media themselves, and the journalists who at the end of the day are the ones who produce what we are discussing today. And if you look at the whole system, it is very difficult to say: “We must just turn this screw and then everything will get better” – I don’t believe that. To my way of thinking we must use many different approaches. For a start, we need to talk about media literacy. And before anyone shares anything, he or she should know – who wrote it? What is the source for it? Is it what is written actually correct? And how can we prove whether it is the truth? That’s media literacy and that is one aspect. Of course it is also not easy to break free from the different actors, especially those who have an economic interest in the media, because they must be financed.